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The story of the heroism of Rachel Uribach

Rachel Uribach


We would like to introduce the heroine of the day, the late Rachel Uribach - (1903 - 1976)

Rachel's work illustrates the importance of memory, and how much memory is not a trivial matter, but a work incumbent on all of us.

Rachel Auerbach, journalist, writer, essayist and historian. Member of the "Oneg Shabbat" archive group of Emanuel Ringelblum in the Warsaw ghetto, documenting the experiences of Jews in the various ghettos.

After the destruction of the Warsaw ghetto and the suppression of the uprising, Auerbach continued with archival documentation of the experiences of the Jews and their destruction, and wrote an essay in Polish on the great deportation in the summer of 1942 and the murder of Jewish intellectuals.

In these essays she described the social-psychological, private and collective factors that influenced the Jewish community during the ghetto years; Among other things, she described a wide range of reactions and behaviors, from self-sacrifice for the sake of saving the family or community, to cooperating with the oppressors.

Rachel described how the Nazi leadership shamelessly exploited the Jews' aspiration to survive and their optimistic naivete - thus misleading and putting them on the trains on their way to their immediate death in Treblinka in the summer of 1942.

Rachel Auerbach immigrated to Israel in 1950 and was one of the founders of Yad Vashem.
In the photo: the urns in which the documents of the members of "Oneg Shabbat" about what was happening in the Warsaw ghetto were hidden.